Pick a location with good soil drainage and exposure to sunlight. The more sun the better, for growth of the trees and fruit production. Also, if possible, select a site with good air drainage such as on the top or side of a hill, to avoid frost pockets at the bottoms of hills. Avoid areas with soil that stays saturated for long periods of time, such as creek bottoms or swales that hold water, such as during snow melt in the spring.


Plant trees in groups for best pollination, ideally in groups of 5-10 for each kind of tree. Most trees are wind and insect pollination, and this will improve nut and fruit. Trees can also be planted as corridors, to create cover for game to move between separate patches of woodlands. Fence rows can be used to plant berries and grapes, as natural trellises.


Trees are spaced according to their ultimate size. If planted too far apart, inefficient pollination occurs, or if planted too close, trees will grow towards the sunlight and not bear crops on the side branches (this is fine if a timber crop is also desired). Typically, fruit trees such as apples and pears are planted 10-20' apart, and chestnuts and oaks are planted 30-40' apart (but can be planted as close as 20' for timber production, in 50+ years).

In the past, trees were traditionally planted at the end of winter, because they were grown bare-root in the field nurseries and shipped dormant (without leaves) to the buyer. With container grown trees, trees can be planted throughout much of the year, except during the coldest winter months when there is snow on the ground or the ground is frozen, as long as you have adequate irrigation.Trees can be planted in the south from October through April.In northern states, planting is best in September and again in April and May. In spring, we ship progressively farther north as the spring arrives across the nation. If you receive trees from us in the spring, wait until after the major threat of frost is past before planting. Fall is an excellent time to plant. Not only are you at your property preparing to hunt, but the trees slow down and go dormant with the fall, and even without leaves continue to root in during the winter as long as the ground is not frozen.The young trees will become acclimated and actually come out stronger in the spring. Fall usually brings frontal rains, that water the trees naturally, and since they are slowing down in growth and going dormant, require less water. This is especially good for forest plantings where you cannot easily get water to the trees after planting.